Terça-feira, 28 de Janeiro de 2014

A propósito do Dia Internacional do Holocausto





“Quem salva uma vida, salva o mundo”

Esta é uma frase comum ao Talmude e ao Alcorão

Começa assim o folheto de apresentação do filme "Passaporte Turco", do realizador BurakArliel, e que nos conta as histórias dos vários diplomatas turcos na Europa que, ao conferirem anacionalidade turca a muitos judeus europeus, os salvaram de uma morta certa; eles não foram mais um nome acrescentado à longa lista dos seis milhões de vítimas do holocausto

Doze combóios levaram estes judeus turcos paraIstambul e salvaram-lhes a vida. Entre eles, havia também judeus europeus sem qualquerligação à Turquia.

Diplomatas turcos deram passaportes turcos ajudeus que não eram turcos, salvando-lhes a vida durante asegunda guerra mundial.

Em entrevistas com alguns dos judeus ainda vivos que assim foramsalvos, os diplomatas que os socorreram e o seus familiares, ficou claro que quando se quer agir, se pode evitar o mal.

A Turquia e estes seus diplomatas merecem, sem dúvida, umlugar de destaque entre aqueles que são  honrados no Museu do Holocausto em Jerusalém pela sua ajuda ao povo judeu.

O filme "Passaporte Turco" lembra esta história - a história esquecida dos diplomatasturcos estacionados em vários países europeus que salvaram muito judeus durantea perseguição dos nacional-socialistas. Estas histórias de compaixão são ilustradas por entrevistas, excertos de arquivos e de filmes históricos.

“Turkish Passport” foi exibido pela primeiravez em Cannes, em 18 de Maio 2011

O filme concorreu ao Festival Europeu de FilmeIndependente na categoria de Documentário em 2012.

Este projecto de seis anos, revela um segredo bem guardadodurante 66 anos. O segredo sobre como cidadãos turcos salvaram centenas de judeus.




Righteousamong the Nations Honored by Yad Vashem

Ulkumen, Selahattin 1989
Até 1 de Janeiro de 2011

copyright © Berlim Janeiro 2014 de Cristina Dangerfield-Vogt



'No state involvement in film'

 

Unbeknownst to many, Turkish diplomats on duty aroundEurope saved hundreds of Jews during World War II by giving them Turkishpassports, enabling them to travel to safety in Turkey. This little known episodeis told in an independent documentary entitled "Turkish Passport",being promoted as finally revealing "a secret kept for 66 years".The film recountsmemories known mainly to 19 diplomats and the Jews they saved from German Nazideath camps. It is based on testimonies by witnesses and their relatives.
"To remember and never toforget," said Gunes Celikcan, 30, one of the producers, as he talked aboutwhy the film was made.  
"There is not much about what theTurks did during that period of history," Celikcan told AFP, as Turkey remainedneutral during World War II.  
He said the diplomats saved around 2,000Jews from the Holocaust but the exact figure is unknown. "We wanted toshow this for the very first time and commemorate those diplomats," noneof whom survive today, he said. The docudrama directed by Burak Arliel wasfirst shown at the Cannes Film Festival in May. It has since been screened in Istanbul and other Turkish cities and made the rounds offestivals in the US and Europe. And though the buzz is quiet, it's building – andnot all is favorable.
 Celikcan said the film hasbeen six years in the making and "has nothing to do with the changingpolitical spectrum".  But not all agree, includingformer Israeli cultural attaché in Turkey Batya Keinan. "The Turkish pressoffice is using the movie for propaganda," Keinan said. "They aretrying to say 'we are good people who protected Jews in the Holocaust andPalestinians now, and yet you shoot at us.' Shame on you." The commentshave angered the movie's backers. "This film is not propaganda. ... Thereis no state involvement," said Asli Sena Genc, a representative for the Istanbul promoters."This is a historical fact." Celikcan said the Turkish foreignministry gave the filmmakers access to official archives, but ministryofficials told AFP the film was a private initiative and the ministry made noofficial contribution. The docudrama recounts how the diplomats, includingambassador to Vichy France Saffet Arikan, found a way out for Turkish andforeign Jews, sending them to Istanbulon 12 trains at different points during the war. Behic Erkin, Turkey'sambassador to Paris from 1940-43, and KudretErbey, consul-general in the German city of Hamburg from 1940-45, were also involved."Turkish diplomats did their best to save Jews amid the raging brutalityagainst Jews during World War II," said Naim Guleryuz, a historian andonsultant on the film who heads a Turkish foundation that promotes the historyand culture of Turkish Jews. "This part of the story is actually known byhistorians but we wanted to make it public knowledge through thisdocumentary," he said. Researchers went to theUnited States, Israel, Franceand Germany,tracking down survivors or their relatives, some of whose tales are told on thefilm's official website. In one, Arlette Bules recalls when her father wasarrested by the Germans and sent to the internment camp of Drancy,outside Paris."Mymother immediately went to the Turkish Embassy and asked for help rescuing myfather. Thanks to the letters written by the ambassador, my father wasrescued," she said. Celikcan recalls another testimony about a Jewishfather who called his two daughters to his deathbed after the war. "Hetold them 'never forget that it was the Turks who saved us' and then diedmaking a military salute."


Written in January 2012


publicado por Cristina Dangerfield - Jornalista às 08:19
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